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Avaliação das variações na inserção glenoidal da banda anterior do ligamento glenoumeral inferior por artrorressonância magnética

Autho(rs): Marcelo Novelino Simão1,2,a; Maximilian Jokiti Kobayashi3,b; Matheus de Andrade Hernandes1,2,c; Marcello Henrique Nogueira Barbosa2,d

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Descritores: Ombro; Ligamento glenoumeral inferior; Anatomia; Ressonância magnética.

Keywords: Shoulder; Ligaments, articular/anatomy & histology; Magnetic resonance imaging.

Resumo:
OBJETIVO Avaliar variações anatômicas da inserção do ligamento glenoumeral inferior (LGUI) na margem anterior da glenoide.
MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Avaliação retrospectiva de 93 exames de artrorressonância magnética de ombro. Foram realizadas leituras por dois radiologistas para calcular a concordância interobservador e intraobservador. O padrão de inserção glenoidal do LGUI e o seu nível foram registrados.
RESULTADOS: Em 50 exames (53,8%) o LGUI inseria no lábio (tipo 1) e em 43 (46,2%) foi demonstrada uma variação tipo 2. O LGUI emergiu na posição de 4 horas em 58 casos (62,4%), na posição de 3 horas em 14 (15%) e na posição de 5 horas 21 (22,6%). A concordância interobservador e intraobservador para a classificação das variações anatômicas da inserção do LGUI foi excelente.
CONCLUSÃO: Embora seja mais comum o LGUI inserir diretamente no lábio anteroinferior, encontramos alta prevalência do LGUI inserindo diretamente na borda óssea da glenoide. O LGUI originou-se entre as posições de 3 e 5 horas, mais frequentemente na posição 4 horas.

Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anatomical variations of the attachment of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) to the anterior glenoid rim.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 93 magnetic resonance arthrography examinations of the shoulder.Two radiologists, who were blinded to the patient data and were working independently, read the examinations. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement were evaluated. The pattern of IGHL glenoid attachment and its position on the anterior glenoid rim were recorded.
RESULTS: In 50 examinations (53.8%), the glenoid attachment was classified as type I (originating from the labrum), whereas it was classified as type II (originating from the glenoid neck) in 43 (46.2%). The IGHL emerged at the 4 o’clock position in 58 cases (62.4%), at the 3 o’clock position in 14 (15.0%), and at the 5 o’clock position in 21 (22.6%). The rates of interobserver and intraobserver agreement were excellent.
CONCLUSION:Although type I IGHL glenoid attachment is more common, we found a high prevalence of the type II variation. The IGHL emerged between the 3 o’clock and 5 o’clock positions, most commonly at the 4 o’clock position.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anatomical variations of the attachment of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) to the anterior glenoid rim.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 93 magnetic resonance arthrography examinations of the shoulder.Two radiologists, who were blinded to the patient data and were working independently, read the examinations. Interobserver and intraobserver agreement were evaluated. The pattern of IGHL glenoid attachment and its position on the anterior glenoid rim were recorded.
RESULTS: In 50 examinations (53.8%), the glenoid attachment was classified as type I (originating from the labrum), whereas it was classified as type II (originating from the glenoid neck) in 43 (46.2%). The IGHL emerged at the 4 o’clock position in 58 cases (62.4%), at the 3 o’clock position in 14 (15.0%), and at the 5 o’clock position in 21 (22.6%). The rates of interobserver and intraobserver agreement were excellent.
CONCLUSION:Although type I IGHL glenoid attachment is more common, we found a high prevalence of the type II variation. The IGHL emerged between the 3 o’clock and 5 o’clock positions, most commonly at the 4 o’clock position.
 
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